Studying Law at Roma Tre

Academic Year 2018-2019

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Fall Semester (October 1 - December 21, 2018)


Legal Protection of Cultural Heritage 2018

Prof. Stefania Gialdroni,
Monday: 8:30-10:15; Tuesday: 14:15-16:00; Wednesday: 8:30-10:15
Room 4 (Edificio Tommaseo)

Office hours: Wednesday 12:30-13:30, Room Number: 1A, Via Ostiense 139, 1st floor (Edificio Tommaseo)

Fall Semester, 2018


Course description:  
What is cultural heritage and why is it important? When, where and how cultural heritage started to be protected? Which are the legal tools at our disposal to protect cultural heritage? Is cultural heritage a human rights issue? This course aims at providing answers to these questions and hand of international treatises, national laws and case study. In order to introduce the students to the complexity of the topic, a historical overview (with focus on Italy) will be provided to understand how the legal concept of cultural heritage developed at a national, European and global level.

Course Learning Objectives
  • To provide students with the knowledge of the historical development of the legal concept of cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, at a national and international level.
  • To provide the students with the tools to:
  • critically analyse the primary legal sources related to the protection of cultural heritage;
  • identify the different fields of law involved in the protection of cultural heritage;
  • combine theoretical debates and case study.

Course Learning Activities
To achieve the above objectives, students will have to:
  • take a midterm exam consisting in a list of open-ended questions;
  • write a research paper at the end of the course and make a presentation to the class based on their research paper; the presentation can consist in a power point or in a video;
  • engage in class discussions/debates.

Assessment tools
The course will be assessed on the following basis:
  • Midterm exam: 30%
  • 2000 (min.) – 3000 (max.) words research essay (including footnotes) + presentation: 40% of final grade
  • Final oral examination: 30% of final grade

Attendance policy
Students are expected to prepare for, attend and participate in all classes.

Course reading materials
Simona Pinton and Lauso Zagado (eds.), Cultural Heritage: Scenarios 2015-2017, Venezia: Ed. Ca’ Foscari, 2017 (extracts).
Available online:
Other materials will be provided during the course, according to the course schedule.

Supporting reading materials
Janet Blake, International Cultural Heritage Law, Oxford: OUP, 2015
Marina Lostal, International Cultural Heritage Law in Armed Conflict. Case-Studies of Syria, Libya, Mali, the Invasion of Iraq, and the Buddhas of Bamiyan, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017
Theodosius Tsivolas, Law and Religious Cultural Heritage in Europe, New York: Springer, 2014.

Class      Topic and/or Activity
1. Mon 1 Oct. Introduction: presentation of the course and general overview
2. Tue 2 Oct.  What is cultural heritage?
3. Wed. 3 Oct.   Tangible and intangible cultural heritage
4. Mon. 8 Oct.  Historical introduction: cultural heritage as a tool to build national identity
5. Tue. 9 Oct.  The Papal States (Editto Pacca) and other pre-unitarian reigns
6. Wed. 10 Oct. After the unification of Italy: Legge Nasi and Legge Rosadi-Rava
7. Mon. 15 Oct.   Cultural heritage under fascism: Legge Bottai
8. Tue. 16 Oct.  Artt. 9 and 42 of the Italian Constitution. Comparison with other Constitutions
9. Wed. 17 Oct.  Case study: Prince Sciarra’s collection
10.  Mon. 22 Oct.  The World after WWII:
 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
11. Tue. 23 Oct. The Council of Europe and the Conventions on cultural heritage: general overview
12. Wed. 24 Oct.  CE : Paris, Granada, Valletta, Florence and Faro
13.  Mon. 29 Oct.  UNESCO: general overview
14. Tue. 30 Oct.  The World Heritage Convention, part 1
15. Wed. 31 Oct.  The World Heritage convention, part 2
16.          Mon. 5 Nov.  Midterm Exam
17. Tue. 6 Nov.  The UNESCO convention on the protection of cultural property in case of armed conflict (The Hague Convention)
18. Wed. 7 Nov.  Other treatises on the international legal protection of cultural heritage in case  of armed conflict
19. Mon. 12 Nov.  Case study: The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi (ICC, 27 September 2016)
20. Tue. 13 Nov.  Guest speaker
21. Wed. 14 Nov.  Cultural heritage (CH) & human rights (HR): general overview
22. Mon 19 Nov.  CH & HR: The Right to cultural identity
23. Tue. 20 Nov.  CH & HR: The Right of access and enjoyment of cultural heritage
24. Wed. 21 Nov.  Back to Italy 1: cultural heritage of religious interest according to canon law
 Submission of the research papers via email
25. Mon. 26 Nov. Back to Italy 2: the 2004 Codice dei beni culturali e del paesaggio
26. Tue. 27 Nov.  Sum up
Wed. 28 Nov.  No class
27. Mon. 3 Dec.  Student presentations
28. Tue. 4 Dec.  Student presentations
To Be Announced  FINAL EXAM


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